Courtesy of Curiosity.com:
“When you think about meditation, you probably imagine someone splayed cross-legged with their eyes closed, perhaps while chanting. If you’ve tried your hand at meditation, you might even think about sitting quietly while focusing on your breath and the way your body feels. But just like there are many ways to exercise, there are many ways to meditate. And just like different exercises target different body parts, every technique targets something different in your brain.
In 2017, two studies from the ReSource Project at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, Germany were published in Science Advances. For the studies, researchers trained 300 volunteers in three meditation techniques. Then, they analyzed the effects of each technique as the volunteers practiced them regularly for three months apiece, one three-month period after the other.
Here’s a rundown of how each technique works, and what it did to the volunteers’ brains.